Cannabis is a flowering plant that has been cultivated since the dawn of mankind and is still used today for medicinal and many other purposes. The cannabis plant contains relatively large amounts of so-called cannabinoids, which are basically natural chemicals within the plant.
have far beyond There are a hundred different cannabinoids, each with their own unique molecular structure and potential health benefits.
What are cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are cannabis-related chemicals, such as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main ingredient that also affects the brain and makes people who consume it feel euphoric. The cannabis plant contains more than 100 cannabinoids.
Scientists and illicit manufacturers produce many synthetic cannabinoids in the lab. Some of these synthetic cannabinoids are very potent and can cause serious health effects when abused.
What do cannabinoids do?
Depending on the type of cannabinoid, different effects may be achieved after consumption.
For example, many people today are using CBD or cannabidiol for pain, anxiety, or many other problems.
People will use THC for intoxicating effects. However, not all cannabinoids are psychoactive. In fact, only THC and THC derivatives are intoxicating.
How cannabinoids work
Cannabinoids as a whole can interact with specific cell receptors found throughout our body called CB1 and CB2. Check out this image that outlines where these receptors are located:
The former is mainly located in the central nervous system, while the latter is mainly located in the immune system.
These receptors, along with cannabinoids produced by our own bodies and endocannabinoids, forming the so-called endocannabinoid system. The role of this system is to regulate the functions of living organisms, such as:
- deal with
The endocannabinoid system is also responsible for homeostasis. That is, the internal balance of the body is maintained despite external conditions (e.g. temperature, pH).
Types of Cannabinoids
As mentioned earlier, cannabinoids are essentially the constituents of marijuana. Cannabinoids are divided into 2 different types:
- Acid cannabinoids: THCA and central business district
- Among the non-acid cannabinoids: THC and central business district
CBD – Cannabidiol
CBD seems to have begun to dispel the myths and prejudices surrounding cannabis and has evolved into a natural dietary supplement used by millions of people around the world to stimulate their bodies, well-being and health.
Cannabidiol (CBD) It is a natural herbal substance and one of the key components of cannabis.
This substance has been the subject of extensive research, and its beneficial effects have been shown to provide stimulation, health, and protection to the body, while it handles an impressive list of diseases and ailments; from severe to incurable.
The surprising fact about cannabidiol is that it can interact with the cellular receptors of the endocannabinoid system, but not Enhancements and coordination of necessary functions, as well as more effective protection of the body.
Cannabidiol has been shown to treat a wide range of physical and mental ailments. Additionally, it has become another form of treatment for people looking for natural options to address their health concerns. Let’s take a look at some of the properties of cannabidiol:
THC – Tetrahydrocannabinol
About 60 cannabinoid compounds have been identified and isolated from cannabis, most of which are present at very low levels. The most common cannabinoid that appears to have the strongest psychoactive properties is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
It is the main psychoactive drug of the cannabis plant, isolated in 1964 by Raphael Mechoulam and Yechiel Gauni of the Weizmann Institute in Israel.
Chemically, THC is classified as Aromatic Terpenes. The main role of THC appears to be to protect plants from pathogens. In addition, its high light absorption in the UVB region of ultraviolet rays (210-315 nm) protects plants from dangerous sun exposure.
THC happens to have the correct molecular structure to match cannabinoid receptors, which are specific binding sites in cells throughout the body. These specific parts are now called parts of the larger endocannabinoid system.
As cannabis continues to gain acceptance in mainstream culture, a growing body of research is revealing the medical value of THC.
Most notably, the discovery of THC as a possible cancer treatment, as studies in mice have shown, it can play an important role in significantly reducing volume and tumor prevalence. The ability of THC to fight tumors in animal models is incredible.
However, this cannabinoid has another superpower. THC is a powerful anti-inflammatory drug. Inflammation is a major factor in a range of modern diseases.
Autoimmune diseases and neurodegenerative diseases are two major health problems caused by inflammation. The powerful properties of THC in fighting inflammation is a big reason why it helps treat such a wide range of diseases.
CBG – Cannabidiol
cannabidiol is a non-acidic cannabinoid produced when CBGA (cannabidiolic acid) molecules are heated. Cannabidiol’s chemical cousins ??are cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Cannabigerol is not psychoactive.That is, it does No side effects to the body. Not even the proverbial “fix” caused by tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
To be precise, cannabidiol is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid very similar to cannabidiol (CBD).
The benefits of cannabidiol (CBG) are closely related to how it works in the body. At the right dose, cannabidiol works by:
- Analgesics; Pain Relief
- Antibacterial; slows the growth of bacteria
- Reduce seizures and convulsions
- Anti-inflammatory (drug; reduces and reduces inflammation
- help sleep
- inhibit the growth of cancer cells
- Antidepressants; boost mood
- Promotes the development of neurons in the brain
- neuroprotective effect
Cannabidiol is as therapeutic as cannabidiol (CBD) and can provide great benefits to the human body.
One of these benefits is newfound ability to prevent the spread of the virus that causes COVID19 in humans. Both CBGA and CBDA have shown the ability to stop the spread of COVID in human cells.
CBN – Cannabinoids
CBN is a breakdown product of THC found in mature cannabis plants, and it has about 25% THC activity.
CBN is the first An isolated cannabinoid, which was believed to be responsible for the psychoactive effects of marijuana before the discovery of THC. It has a very similar chemical composition to THC and is thought to bind primarily to the CB2 receptor, but may also interact with the CB1 receptor.
CBN acts as an agonist for the TRPV2 receptor, a natural protein that regulates various biological systems in the body. It also interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system and can affect the function of many hormones and neurotransmitters.
These affect mood, energy, knowledge, appetite, immune function, fight pain and inflammation, bone health, control spastic behavior, lower blood pressure, improve sleeping, and process skin condition.
Not all beneficial properties are known to date. Experiment continuously to identify new applications. We now know CBN:
- non-psychotropic drugs
- Helps with sleep problems
- Has analgesic effect
- Provides appetite stimulation
- fight inflammation
- Help fight glaucoma
- is antispasmodic
- Helps homeostasis
- regulate sleep
Are cannabinoids legal?
Cannabinoids were not considered legal until 2018. This is mainly due to the presence of THC in the cannabis plant.
The 2018 Farm Bill distinguishes between hemp and hemp, legalizing hemp and hemp products as long as THC levels remain at 0.3 percent or less.
The only illegal cannabinoid is THC because of how it affects people psychologically. You can only possess and use THC in states that legalize recreational marijuana or that have a medical marijuana card.