On Tuesday night, the senators refused to call China’s treatment of the Muslim minority Uyghur population genocide.
A motion by Senator Leo Housakos called on the Senate to recognize that Uighurs and other Turkic Muslims are currently being genocide.
Twenty-nine senators voted for the motion, 33 senators voted against it, and 13 abstained.
The motion also calls on the International Olympic Committee to move the 2022 Olympic Games out of China while the Chinese government continues to implement “genocide.”
After the Senate vote Similar votes in the House of Representatives In February of this year, the vast majority of members of Congress-including the majority of the participating Liberal Party-voted in favor of labeling China’s treatment of Uighurs as genocidal.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and almost all of his cabinet colleagues were absent from the vote. Foreign Minister Mark Gano is the only cabinet minister present. When it was his turn to vote, he abstained, saying that he did so “on behalf of the Canadian government.”
Trudeau and his government have been reluctant to use the term genocide to describe China’s treatment of Uyghurs, arguing that more evidence from independent investigations is needed.
Canada has Led an international effort Call on China to allow the UN investigation team to “significantly and unrestrictedly enter” Xinjiang, the region of China where human rights violations are allegedly committed.
During the motion debate, Senator Hu Yuanbao, leader of independent senator groups, said that Canada Criticism of China’s treatment should be avoided Uyghur Muslims, because our country abused the indigenous people.
Echoing the arguments put forward by Chinese officials at the United Nations last week, Wu said that China’s policy towards Xinjiang’s Muslim minorities is similar to colonialism against the country’s indigenous people, and it would be hypocritical and “simple” to severely condemn Beijing. Label exercises. “
Senator Peter Bohm, chairman of the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee, also opposed the motion, but the reasons were different from those set out by Woo.
Bohm argued that the House of Representatives voted to mark China’s treatment of the Uyghur population as genocide, with “no obvious impact,” and he firmly believes that foreign policy actions fall within the purview of the government’s executive branch, the prime minister and cabinet.
“The complexity of bilateral relations, like the situation between China and Canada today, cannot be reduced to a few paragraphs of loudspeaker parliamentary diplomacy by copying bills in other places. [House] Almost four months ago, apart from triggering an angry response from the Chinese government, there was no obvious impact, and the passage of this bill may have the same effect,” Bohm said.
“Effective diplomacy must carefully weigh the wording. In my opinion, parliamentary diplomacy or the bill in this chamber should be no different. Foreign policy is not dualistic. Everything is related to gray shades. In my opinion, this bill It will neither increase the importance of resolving the situation in western China, nor help resolve or ease our already tense and complicated relationship.”
Hausakos said this is not forcing China to do something.
“The people of Xinjiang and the Uyghur people need to be united, as our allies around the world-the U.S. Senate, the British House of Commons, the Australian Parliament-have expressed, we should emulate a strong democracy and stand up for this unity,” Housakos said in the debate.
“China’s authoritarian state is committing these atrocities, and these crimes against humanity go unpunished. They are arrogant in their blatant disregard of human life and human rights, and we must not allow them to be unconstrained and nameless.”
China has detained approximately 1 to 2 million Uyghurs in places that the government calls “re-education centers”.
Earlier this year, an independent legal analysis published by the Raoul Wallenberg Center for Human Rights in Montreal and a think tank in Washington concluded that China is implementing ongoing genocide Oppose the Muslim minority in Xinjiang.
The report concluded that the Chinese government’s actions in Xinjiang violated every act prohibited by the United Nations Genocide Convention.
Several Canadian human rights experts contributed to the report, including former cabinet ministers Lloyd Axworthy, Alan Rock and Owen Kotler, and former ambassador to the United Nations Yves Fortier.
After the release of this report, Romeo Dallaire, a retired senator, said, Urge Ottawa Action was taken in March against the “genocide” committed by the Chinese government.
During the 1994 Rwanda genocide, Dallaire led the UN peacekeeping operation in Rwanda.
Retired lieutenant general. Romeo Dallaire (Romeo Dallaire) was the head of the UN peacekeeping mission in Rwanda during the 1994 genocide. He urged Canada to take action against China’s “genocide”: “Egoism and unwillingness to take the risk of prosecuting those who have done terrible The responsibility of the big country in the matter is still popular.” pic.twitter.com/bWKKaJ4gsx