“A disaster”: UN warns of increased violence in Myanmar | Myanmar News
Michelle Bachelet, the head of UN human rights affairs, said that the military government “has the sole responsibility” for violence and “must take responsibility.”
The head of human rights affairs at the United Nations warned that violence in various parts of Myanmar is intensifying and criticized the military government of the country as having a “single responsibility” for the “human rights disaster.”
in a statement The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, said in a statement issued on Friday that multiple reports indicate that armed conflicts are still continuing, including in Kayah, Chin State and Kachin State, where violent incidents are occurring. Areas with important ethnic and religious minorities are particularly intense.
Speaking of the regional group composed of 10 member states, Bachelet said: “It seems that there is no effort to ease the situation, but to gather troops in key areas. This runs counter to the military’s commitment to ASEAN to stop violence. “
“In just over four months, Myanmar has gone from a fragile democracy to a human rights disaster,” Bachelet added. “The military leadership bears the sole responsibility for this crisis and must take responsibility.”
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has led major international diplomatic efforts to find a way out of the Myanmar crisis as the country fell into political turmoil after the February military coup toppled Aung San Suu Kyi’s democratically elected government1.
The seizure of power by the military has triggered daily democratic protests that have been subjected to bloody security crackdowns, strikes that paralyzed the country’s economy, and battles between the armed forces and ethnic armed groups in border areas.
ASEAN’s mediation has so far achieved Little progress has been made. Last week, two EU envoys visited Myanmar and met with senior military officials, including military chief Min Aung Lai. The trip was criticized by democratic groups, who said they were turned away.
The United Nations, Western countries, and China all support ASEAN’s peace efforts, but the Burmese army, known as Tatmadaw, is indifferent to this and touted the progress of its own five-step plan to achieve new elections.
“A human rights disaster”
The UN Human Rights Office stated in a statement that more than 108,000 people have fled their homes in Kayah State in the past three weeks. Many of them have taken refuge in forest areas with little food, water, sanitation or medical assistance.
Bachelet cited “credible reports,” saying that security forces shelled civilian homes and churches and prevented access to humanitarian aid.
Bachelet said: “The international community needs to demand a unified request for the Burmese army to stop the shameless use of heavy artillery against civilians and civilian objects.”
She also said that the newly formed civilian forces, namely the People’s Defence Forces and other armed groups, must take all measures to keep civilians away from harm.
Her office stated that Bachelet will update the Human Rights Council, the highest human rights institution of the United Nations, at the next session in July.
The statement also increased the number of people killed by security forces since the coup to 860, most of whom were protesters. At least 4,804 people are still being arbitrarily detained — including activists, journalists, and military opponents — according to reports, detainees and activists’ families have been tortured and punished respectively. According to the UN office, the mother of an activist was sentenced to three years in prison on May 28 to replace her son.