The Israeli-Palestinian conflict sparked anti-Muslim prejudice in India

Marwa Fatafta’s mentions on Twitter are rampant.

Following the escalation of Israeli-Palestinian violence earlier this month, Fatafta, a Palestinian, worked as a policy analyst at the Berlin-based online think tank concerned about Palestinian human rights, and released her information about the families who died in the Gaza Strip. Photos and stories. 14,000 followers. In response, she was trapped. Certain hate speech comes from Palestinian far-right Israeli speech, which refers to the Palestinians as her “terrorists.” But many people seem to be from India-Fatafta said that their usernames have Indian names and Indian flags.

Fatafata told BuzzFeed News: “It seems that all nationalists from India and Israel are gathered together.” “This is a fascinating phenomenon. I have never been attracted to people in India before.”

As the deadly violence of the Israeli military Killed 248 Palestinians Hamas killed 13 Israelis and ended because of the ceasefire. Hate speech against Jews online Has risenAnd anti-Semitism violence.

However, this conflict has also triggered an online boom of hate speech and misinformation directed at Muslims around the world. Full-page ad in The New York Times defendant The anti-Semitism of pop singer Dua Lipa and models Gigi and Bella Hadid.Last week, the pro-Israel lobbying group U.S. Israel Public Affairs Committee Ran a Facebook ad Superimpose the face of Representative Ilhan Omar on the Hamas rocket, Actually inaccurate Title: “When Israel was targeting Hamas, Rep. Omar called it a terrorist act.” Israel’s official Arabic Twitter account Angry muslim Through the publication of scriptures in the Quran and pictures of Israel’s airstrikes in the Gaza Strip (this tweet has since been deleted).

It is nothing new that conflicts in the Middle East can lead to hatred and lies against Muslims. But the novelty is the source: India. In the world’s largest democracies, online and offline anti-Muslim hatred has gradually become mainstream.Just a year ago, politicians from the party of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and dozens of news channels Accuse a party International Islamic mission group Tablighi Jamaat deliberately spread coronavirus More than 4,000 cases in India To be linked Make it happen. At the time, #CoronaJihad was one of the hottest topics on Twitter in the region.

On Saturday, New Draft News, a non-profit organization based in the United Kingdom, studied false information. Published An analysis of 300,000 tweets related to the Israeli-Palestinian crisis. They found a campaign containing thousands of tweets and hashtags that appeared to be established in India, one of Twitter’s main markets.

“When analyzing these tweets, we noticed that the popular hashtags always have some Indian references,” Carlotta Dotto, senior data reporter for The First Draft, told BuzzFeed News. “It’s amazing.”

Dotto follows #UnitedAgainstJehad, which is a deliberately misspelled tag. Between May 12 and May 17, nearly 6,000 accounts were mentioned more than 40,000 times. Coordinated campaign Designed to make it popular, and to accompany the many years of heated discussion about Muslims by Indian Indian nationalists, such as Holy war of love, An unfounded conspiracy theory accusing Muslim men of converting Hindu women to Islam through marriage. 10% of accounts using the # tag were created in May.

“It is clear that, given the online attention, they promoted their narrative on Twitter in India and the world in the conflict between Israel and Palestine,” Dotto said.

Although India has previously tended to avoid involvement in the region, under Modi’s leadership, relations between India and Israel have improved significantly, and Modi became the first Indian prime minister to visit India in 2017. This is partly because the leaders of both countries are conservative nationalists. In addition, Indian right-wingers have taken advantage of the country’s long-term competition with neighboring Pakistan.

Jency Jacob, the executive editor of Boom, India’s leading fact-checking organization, told BuzzFeed News: “India’s right wing finds that Israel is fascinated for many reasons.” “This is a small country surrounded by Muslim neighbors. It is fighting against it. It has a strong leader dedicated to protecting the border.”

Jacob added: “Whenever there is tension between an Islamic country and any other country, the far-right ecosystem attracts people from the non-Muslim side.” “For them, it’s a natural aggression. It makes them all prejudices against ordinary Muslims.”

India’s ruling Bharatiya Janata party and its supporters have seized the conflict. Tajinder Pal Singh Bagga, Spokesperson of the People’s Party, call Islam is a kind of “virus” that once “triggered terrorism in the world”, and said: “Israel is the vaccine against the virus, please support Israel.” He also claim Muslims believe that “religion is greater than nation”. Each of Bagga’s tweets has received thousands of reposts and likes. Hundreds of insults to Muslims were also forwarded through WhatsApp, an instant messaging application owned by Facebook and used by hundreds of millions of Indians.

“Checked most #IndiaStandWithIsrael tweet handles,” Tweet Rana Ayyub is a high-profile Indian journalist who is often attacked by far-right Modi supporters. “The common thread throughout is the inner hatred of Muslims and the hobby of seeing Muslims being slaughtered and showing their place.”

As an overseer within Israel Try hard to keep up With too much hatred and lies, it is not easy for them to travel abroad.Take the economy as an example, the fact investigation is almost Two dozen stories, Some of them portray the Palestinians as their suffering.

Jacob told BuzzFeed News: “This has become one of our important topics.”

One of the error messages False characterization A mock funeral organized by young Jordanians in 2020 was to escape the lockdown of the coronavirus because the Palestinians held a funeral for “international sympathy.”Another virus folder Try to impersonate According to a 2017 news report about Palestinian makeup artists, this was a Palestinian pretending to be injured in the current conflict.

Fatafta said: “The suppression is transnational.” “Islamphobia is the common denominator here.”

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