5 first aid tips if your child is choking
Experts warn that in the past five years, the number of children in need of swallowing treatment has increased fivefold.
Nearly 50% of children who swallow “foreign objects” require surgery.
British experts say that swallowing objects such as buttons and coins is normal for children over six months old because they have learned to explore their surroundings.
Most of these small fragments that are swallowed will come out naturally without any harm-but still cause suffocation.
Experts wrote in the Archives of Childhood Diseases that magnets and small button batteries are not always the case.
Experts reviewed data from five hospitals in the UK and found that coins were the most common item to swallow, followed by magnets and button batteries.
They found that the number of children who swallowed magnets increased fivefold between 2016 and 2020.
Approximately 42% of people who swallowed magnets required surgery to retrieve them, compared to only 2.5% of button battery cases.
Experts say that although it is usually not necessary to remove a single magnet, swallowing multiple magnets may cause death (necrosis) and perforation of the intestinal tissue.
Their small parts can also pose a choking hazard. Here are five first aid tips to help you keep your child safe.
One of the first things to consider is what the child will look like when he is swallowing, because this allows you to find out when the child is in danger.
Children who are choking may grab their chest or neck and cannot speak, breathe or cough.
If their face becomes pale or blue, it may be a signal, and if they cough violently, it means that they are trying to clear the stuck thing.
For young children, it may be that they have a high-pitched voice when they inhale.
2. Don’t give them food or water
Experts from the Red Cross say things that children swallow may make the situation worse.
They pointed out: “This is not a good idea because it will not eliminate the blockage and may cause further blockage and make the situation worse.”
3. Blow back
Knowing what to do when a child is suffocated can save lives.
Experts from the Red Cross say that you need to remember the five-stroke rule.
They explained: “Hit them firmly between the shoulder bones.
“The backblowing creates strong vibration and pressure in the airway, which is usually sufficient to remove the obstruction. Removing the obstruction will make them breathe again.”
If the child is still young, you need to put it on the thigh, and then place the heel of one hand in the middle of the back between the shoulder blades, and perform five violent backward blows.
If five blowbacks do not work, five abdominal thrusts are required.
To do this successfully, you need to hold your child around your waist and pull their belly buttons inwards and upwards.
This will squeeze air out of the lungs and hopefully clear the obstruction.
The NHS said: “This will cause an artificial cough, increase chest pressure and help remove objects.”
Who will do it?
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5. Ask for help
In a suffocation incident, time is of the essence. If you cannot remove the foreign body, please call 999.
Please call 999 as soon as possible, and while waiting for help, you should continue the cycle of blowback and thrust to continue trying to remove the item.
If you cannot get through the phone, ask someone else to answer it. If you are at home, you can dial 999 and use the speakerphone, so you can continue to move.